Porta Nuova

Autore:

Categoria:

Once upon a time the city of Palermo was surrounded by walls and there were also entrance gates, the most important of which was the Porta del Palazzo.
This gate was closed perhaps in 1460 and another one was built at the end of the main road and was called the Eagle Gate, but the population immediately called it “Nuova” (New).

Charles V of Habsburg, King of Italy, King of Spain and Emperor of the Holy Roman-German Empire, came to Sicily victorious from Tunis in the autumn of 1535, after conquering the African coast of the Mediterranean and thus hitting Islam.
This victory was so important for the Sicilians that Charles V was forced to stay eight days in Monreale, more than he had expected, because so pleaded by the city of Palermo, which had wanted a whole week to prepare solemn honours to the winner of Africa.
The feast was celebrated on September 13, 1535 and under the Porta Nuova took place the official meeting of Charles V with the capital of the kingdom.
In memory of this moment, the government of Marcoantonio Colonna, viceroy of Sicily, decided to rebuild the gate, whose work began late, namely in 1583. The viceroy wanted the gate to be called “Austrian” in honor of Charles V.
But even this door, like a triumphal arch, was not very lucky.
On December 20, 1667, during a thunderstorm, a lightning bolt exploded a load of ammunition deposited in some rooms of the upper floor, causing serious damage.
The door was immediately rebuilt in 1669, in the same form, by Gaspare Guercio, architect of the senate.
It has two facades, one overlooking the old town and the other facing Monreale.

It was decorated with friezes and symbols including four defeated Turks. Two of them with their arms cut off, the arms were cut off to those accused of the crime of theft, and two with their arms crossed as a sign of submission, in memory of the African victory.
The mannerist construction is inspired by the triumphal ancient Roman monuments but also by the late Renaissance architecture with wide Mannerist influences. On the inner facade you can admire four allegorical busts of Peace, Justice, Truth, and abundance.
Above the arch you can also see the Palermo eagle and the coat of arms of Viceroy Colonna.
Looking up there is a sixteenth-century loggia and an extraordinary pyramid roof covered with colored majolica on which there is a picture of the senatorial eagle with wings spread, the symbol of the city of Palermo.
At the top there is a lantern inside which there is a room that has at a time a small dome covered with lead that ended with three copper balls, the smallest of which had an iron vane designed to indicate the blowing of the winds.
In 1578 the viceroy Marcoantonio Colonna had an open corridor built, flanked by a stone balustrade, which led from the Royal Palace to a room in the second order of Porta Nuova.

Patrizia Pileri

Ti è piaciuto l'articolo? Condividilo con i tuoi amici!

Rimani aggiornato con la cultura...

12,154FansLike
478FollowersSegui
567FollowersSegui
Samuele Schirò
Samuele Schirò
Direttore responsabile, redattore e fotografo di Palermoviva. Amo Palermo per la sua storia e cultura millenaria.

LASCIA UN COMMENTO

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Ti potrebbe interessare anche...

Emergenza freddo! Attivo nuovo numero telefonico per aiutare i senzatetto della città

Emergenza freddo! Per i cittadini che volessero segnalare la presenza di persone senza dimora che necessitano di assistenza, è sempre attivo h24 il numero della...

La storia del traffico a Palermo

Il traffico a Palermo è sempre stato una “piaga terribile”, per citare un famoso film di Roberto Benigni. Sebbene oggi la situazione del centro...

Bonus Luce – Gas – Acqua

Dal 1° gennaio 2021 i bonus sociali per disagio economico sono riconosciuti automaticamente ai cittadini/nuclei familiari che ne hanno diritto, senza che questi debbano...

Caponata di carciofi

I carciofi sono ortaggi molto apprezzati e usati nella cucina siciliana. La Caponata di carciofi è una variante invernale della conosciutissima Caponata di melanzane...

La Chimica Arenella, storia di un’eccellenza perduta

Il nome di Chimica Arenella forse non dirà niente ai più giovani, mentre qualcuno forse ne ricorderà le vicende passate, purtroppo molto spesso costituite...

La chiesa nascosta sotto la Cappella Palatina

Dentro il Palazzo dei Normanni, fiore all’occhiello di Palermo, si trova la semi sconosciuta Chiesa di Santa Maria delle Grazie, spesso impropriamente scambiata per...